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Tesla Model 3 - Safety, Satisfaction, Comparisons, and
Aptera Never Charge electric auto-cycle update.
Report 14 by Carl Morrison, March 28, 2021
Comments welcomed at:

ApteraOnACliff.jpg    ApteraCamper.jpg
Aptera getting more attention as the most efficient "Never Charge" EV (auto-cycle).
 The Man Behind the Design - Jason Hill, Aptera Design Webinar
Aptera update below.

My Fourteenth report on our 9-month-old 2020 Tesla Model 3, Standard Range Plus, Rear-Wheel Drive, 19" wheels, Multicoat Red posted at  In this report I cover: 

1. Tesla Vehicle Safety Report Q4 2020

2.  Why Teslas are the Safest  car on the roads

3.  The Most Satisfying Car by owners of 27 Brands - Tesla Model 3

Top 20 Global EV sales in 2020.

Differences in A Winter Tesla Road Trip compared to the same drive in summer.

6.  Model S and X changes for 2021.

7.  Ford Mustang Mach-Ecompared to the Tesla 3 and Y

8.  Tesla Auto Insurance.

9.  Charging stations to be an added amenity in new Multifamily buildings.

10.  Chronological History of 75 100% EVs world wide by Fully Charged on Youtube.

11.  Comparison of Tesla's Autopilot and Full Self Driving (FSD)

12.  Interactive Map of Wind Turbines in the United States

13.  California city becomes first in U.S. to ban new gas stations

14.  West Coast Clean Transit Corridor Initiative

15.  Tesla Forums have been replaced by Tesla Engagement Hub.

16.  Aptera Update

17.  My Referral Number

Tesla Vehicle Safety Report Q4 2020

At Tesla, we believe that technology can help improve safety. That's why Tesla vehicles are engineered to be the safest cars in the world. We believe the unique combination of passive safety, active safety, and automated driver assistance is crucial for keeping not just Tesla drivers and passengers safe, but all drivers on the road. It's this notion that grounds every decision we make - from the design of our cars, to the software we introduce, to the features we offer every Tesla owner.

Model S, Model X and Model 3 have achieved the lowest overall probability of injury of any vehicle ever tested by the U.S. government's New Car Assessment Program. Much of this has to do with the rigid, fortified structure of the battery pack that is mounted to a car's floor, which provides a vehicle with exceptional strength, large crumple zones, and a uniquely low center of gravity. Because of their strength, Tesla's battery packs rarely incur serious damage in accidents. And, in the extremely unlikely event that a fire occurs, the state-of-the-art design of our battery packs ensures that its safety system works as intended and isolates a fire to select areas within the battery while simultaneously venting heat away from the passenger cabin and the vehicle.

While no car can prevent all accidents, we work every day to try to make them much less likely to occur. Active safety features come standard on all Tesla vehicles made after September 2014 for an added layer of safety beyond the physical structure of each car. Because every Tesla is connected, we're able to use the billions of miles of real-world data from our global fleet - of which more than 1 billion have been driven with Autopilot engaged - to understand the different ways accidents happen. We then develop features that can help Tesla drivers mitigate or avoid accidents. Through over-the-air software updates, we're able to introduce safety features and enhancements long after a car has been delivered, as well as release updated versions of existing safety features that take into account the most up-to-date real-world data collected by our fleet.

In October 2018, we began voluntarily releasing quarterly safety data in order to provide critical safety information about our vehicles to the public, and in July 2019 we began voluntarily releasing annually updated data about vehicle fires as well. Accident rates among all vehicles on the road can vary from quarter to quarter and can be affected by seasonality, like reduced daylight and inclement weather conditions.
Accident Data
Q4 2020

In the 4th quarter of 2020, we registered one accident for every 3.45 million miles driven in which drivers had Autopilot engaged.
For those driving without Autopilot but with our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 2.05 million miles driven.
For those driving without Autopilot and without our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 1.27 million miles driven.
By comparison, NHTSA's most recent data shows that in the United States there is an automobile crash every 484,000 miles.*

*Note: Since we released our last quarterly safety report, NHTSA has released new data, which we've referenced in this quarter's report.


Why Teslas are the Safest  car on the roads?

Tesla vehicles were approximately ten times less likely to catch fire per mile driven compared to average gas vehicles.

Twelve ultrasonic sensors and eight cameras with 360 degrees of visibility and forward-facing radar can detect both hard and soft objects, including surrounding vehicles. Whether driving through heavy rain, fog or dust, your vehicle helps provide exceptional environmental awareness.

These 4 features are included in AutoPilot as standard feature.

Other ventures contributing to best safety record.

Nice visuals and videos about Tesla Safety - Click Here.

The Most Satisfying Car by owners of 27 Brands - Tesla Model 3

Consumer Reports surveyed new car owners, who've owned their cars 1 to 3 years, about their satisfaction with their car, not just EVs, but 27 different kinds of cars.  The car which most owners are happy about their ownership was...Tesla Model 3.  It is No. 1 of the top 10 with 3 other Teslas in the top 10 as well.

(Double-Click charts and images for a larger copy.)

  Above is the satisfaction rating of all cars, not just EVs.

See the whole story, including the Least Satisfying Overall,  by Zak and Jesse . Click this link:

Top 20 Global EV sales in 2020.

Top of the list is the Tesla Model 3 with 12% of the market with 365,240 units sold globally.  PHEVs (Plug in Hybrid EVs) did not make the top 10.)


Number 2 on the list you've never heard of because it is  made and sold only in China, for about $5,000, but it still ranks No. 2 Globally!  Perhaps there is a market for such an inexpensive town car in the US.

Wulling HongGuag Mini EV

Hear the whole story of  Zak and Jesse at Now You Know.  Click:

Differences in A Winter Tesla Road Trip compared to the same drive in summer.

Jason's Tesla Model 3 Performance in the snow on his 2,500 mile winter drive.

Tesla's navicomputer will track your trip with the fewest Supercharger stops, but with longer charging times, even skipping chargers in between.  He  had reached the  70 - 80% charge and the charger began to taper down, so he went to the bottom line (above), stopped charging, stopped at the skipped charger, charged for only 15 minutes and got to the  final charger quicker overall.    He concluded, as another YouTuber I follow, Kyle Conner, promotes:  charge only long enough until the charger begins to taper down, then go to the next charger on your route.  On this trip he charged more times than the Tesla computer suggested, but saved time overall. 

Charge at the end of your day's drive, when the battery is warmer than in the morning.  However, in winter your Tesla may lose 8 to 10% sitting overnight.  He kept the inside of the car around 72° throughout - to keep his cat comfortable on the heated seats during driving times. 

His winter drive took 19% more charging electricity than his summer drive. 

Finally, he averaged 118 miles-per-gallon-equivalent in Summer and 100 mpge in winter.

Most readers wanted to know how much it cost him to drive 2,500 miles using only Superchargers - $177.65.

With gas calculated at $2.50/gal. and considering 30 mpg in an ICE car,  he saved about $25.  My second car does not get 30 mpg as above and around here gas is not $2.50, but gas savings over an ICE car is not the only reason one buys a Tesla.

Another statistic he kept was driving 75 mph compared to driving 80 mph.  75 mph saves 8.7% on range.

The trip was LA to St. Joseph, Missouri.  As mentioned above, he learned not to charge to 100 or 90% because of the taper at that high percentage.  He averaged 25 minutes per charge for 18 charges in Winter, and 40 minutes of charging for 12 charges in Summer.   That's about 8 hrs of charging for the trip each season.  Overall, that is one and one-half extra battery packs earned by charging more at lower battery levels.  He charged at an average of 100 miles between charges.

The full story at  Engineering Explained  on YouTube click:  //

Model S and X changes for 2021
   Biggest difference is interior - steering wheel, horizontal screen and interior colors and textures.
Tesla photos
No left or right stalks, all controls on the steering wheel.


Check Andy Slye's Review of the Tesla S and X:

Ford Mustang Mach-E compared to the Tesla 3 and Y


The full story from Engineering Explained double click:

Tesla Auto Insurance.

In an earlier report,, I discussed Tesla auto insurance before I took delivery of our Model 3.  You need a VIN number before you can get an accurate quote from a insurance company.  I have heard that you can look at the available inventory online and select the exact car and use its VIN number to get a quote making sure you tell the insurance company that is not your VIN number, but one just like the one you plan on ordering.

Tesla offers their own insurance only in California as of this report, but they will insure a second car on the same policy.

Insurance on our Tesla 3 by itself would be   $783/6 months
When we added a 2nd car it became               $630/6 months for the Tesla 3
Our 2013 Chrysler Town and Country was       $400/6 months
By adding the Chrysler as a second car it was   $506/6months for the T&C
Therefore, I saved $45/6 months by insuring both cars with Tesla.

However, insuring our Tesla 3 with my original auto insurer, 21st Century Insurance, wold have cost me  $927/6 months ($144 more).
A recent notice says they will soon be expanding to other states.

Charging stations to be an added amenity in new Multifamily buildings.


Many environmental groups, including the one above which sponsored an event I attended and which contacted me, are interested in creating new EV charging building codes for homes, apartments and condos in California.  The vote on a bill to make these chargers available in new buildings was on February 16. 


Introduction:  Electric vehicles (EVs) are fueled by electric
 through an outlet or charging station, which allows owners to plug in at their homes, work and public locations. As EVs have grown rapidly in recent years, many multifamily communities have begun to help out their EV-owning residents by installing charging stations as an added amenity.  
More on this guide, click here:

Chronological History of 75 100% EVs world wide by Fully Charged on Youtube.

Every ELECTRIC VEHICLE : Robert's 2021 round-up of 75 EVs | 100% Independent, 100% Electric

Each with information like this:


Comparison of Tesla's Autopilot (which we have and is included in the purchase price) and Full Self Driving (FSD) (which costs $10,000 more than what we paid).

Autopilot and Full Self-Driving Capability

Autopilot is an advanced driver assistance system that enhances safety and convenience behind the wheel. When used properly, Autopilot reduces your overall workload as a driver. 8 external cameras, a radar, 12 ultrasonic sensors and a powerful onboard computer provide an additional layer of safety to guide you on your journey. Cars built between September 2014 and October 2016 include one camera and less-powerful radar and ultrasonic sensors.

There are two Autopilot packages available for purchase: Autopilot and Full Self-Driving Capability.

Autopilot and Full Self-Driving Capability are intended for use with a fully attentive driver, who has their hands on the wheel and is prepared to take over at any moment. While these features are designed to become more capable over time, the currently enabled features do not make the vehicle autonomous.

Frequently Asked Questions

Autopilot and Full Self-Driving Capability Features

Autopilot is a suite of driver assistance features that can be purchased before you buy your car or after it's been delivered, and brings new functionality to your Tesla that makes driving safer and less stressful. Available packages include:

    Traffic-Aware Cruise Control: Matches the speed of your car to that of the surrounding traffic
    Autosteer: Assists in steering within a clearly marked lane, and uses traffic-aware cruise control

Full Self-Driving Capability

    Navigate on Autopilot (Beta): Actively guides your car from a highway's on-ramp to off-ramp, including suggesting lane changes, navigating interchanges, automatically engaging the turn signal and taking the correct exit
    Auto Lane Change: Assists in moving to an adjacent lane on the highway when Autosteer is engaged
    Autopark: Helps automatically parallel or perpendicular park your car, with a single touch
    Summon: Moves your car in and out of a tight space using the mobile app or key
    Smart Summon: Your car will navigate more complex environments and parking spaces, maneuvering around objects as necessary to come find you in a parking lot.
    Traffic and Stop Sign Control (Beta): Identifies stop signs and traffic lights and automatically slows your car to a stop on approach, with your active supervision
        Autosteer on city streets

The currently enabled features require active driver supervision and do not make the vehicle autonomous. The activation and use of these features are dependent on achieving reliability far in excess of human drivers as demonstrated by billions of miles of experience, as well as regulatory approval, which may take longer in some jurisdictions. As these self-driving features evolve, your car will be continuously upgraded through over-the-air software updates.

YouTuber, Cf, has a video showing what Full Self-Driving, at this stage of development, looks like on the road:  "How Often Does The Average Tesla Driver Use Autopilot Today?"  *Feb 8, 2021  By:  Cf Tesla.   As you watch this video, remember, I do not have lane change with the turn signal nor automatic on- and off-ramp driving.  I do have Auto Steer and Traffic aware cruise, which they call On ramp to off ramp driving.
To see his driving video click:

Interactive Map of Wind Turbines in the United States

Interactive Map is much larger at the URL below.

California city becomes first in U.S. to ban new gas stations

    Petaluma, California - a city of 61,000 residents and 15 square miles in size - has become the first in the country to permanently halt the construction of new gas stations. The legislation will also outlaw new pumps at existing stations and streamline the process for adding more EV infrastructure like electric charging bays and hydrogen fuel cell facilities. The new prohibition is part of Petaluma's plan to completely phase out carbon emissions by 2030, though other environmental groups (like CONGAS) are pushing for a ban on the entire Sonoma County, which includes Petaluma and eight other cities.
    "The goal here is to move away from fossil fuels and to make it as easy as possible to do that," said D'Lynda Fischer, the city councilor who introduced the measure. "Right now, we have existing fossil fuel stations, and what we want them to do is add [electric vehicle] chargers and create another source of fueling people can use."
    Bigger picture: There are an estimated 450,000 brownfield sites in the U.S., or areas where expansion, redevelopment, or reuse may be complicated by the presence of a hazardous substance. According to the EPA, approximately one-half of them are thought to be impacted by petroleum, much of it from leaking underground storage tanks at old gas stations. The sites "blight the surrounding neighborhoods, threaten human health and the environment and can contaminate groundwater."
    Outlook: While the latest move is taking place at the grassroots level, there are other developments happening at the state level in California. Last year, the state banned the sale of new gas-powered cars by 2035 and will require 75% of heavy trucks sold locally to be electric by that date. There are also plans to build an electric highway along the Pacific Coast. A host of policies are also being prepared at the federal level, like the Biden administration's $2T climate and infrastructure plan, which could boost renewables and other sustainable stocks.

West Coast Clean Transit Corridor Initiative was created 9 months ago (June 17, 2020)  Learn more about the West Coast Clean Transit Corridor Initiative and how this unprecedented collaboration among nine electric utilities and two agencies representing more than two dozen municipal utilities aims to electrify 1,300 miles of I-5 from the Mexican to the Canadian border for freight haulers and delivery trucks. 

(Click image above for larger copy.)

Interesting that their logo has a diesel semi-tractor.

Of the 27 proposed sites, 16 are in California, five are in Oregon and six are in Washington. An additional 41 sites on other highways that connect to I-5 are being proposed for electrification. Those highways include Interstates 8, 10, 80, 210 and 710 and state routes 60 and 99 in California; I-84 in Oregon and I-90 in Washington.

Full report:

Tesla Forums have been replaced by
Tesla Engagement Hub.



My local Orange County, California, Club:

assembles production advisers, acquires factory space in Sorrento Valley, San Diego County, California, and takes deposits on reservations on their website.


Perhaps we should address the elephant in the room (From Aptera's FAQ):

Why three wheels?

Our main goal is efficiency. Efficient transportation is crucial to managing our natural resources. Aptera makes better use of materials in construction, therefore saving precious resources and lessening our overall impact on the planet and each other.

Is Aptera a car?

No! Aptera is not a car, but the world's first Never Charge Vehicle. Technically speaking, Aptera can be classified as a motorcycle or auto-cycle.


The only color I had seen was black, maybe that is the only prototype they have so far.  However, I found at their website some paint schemes I like a lot better than black:

SolFromBack.jpg         SolFromFront.jpg


See that green logo?  It is lighted from behind; they call it their "glogo". (double-click any photo in this section for a larger image.)

There will also be 3 optional interiors:


ApteraSeats.jpg     ApteraSeatSides.jpg

Aptera advertises different models and boasts "never charge" if you leave the vehicle out in the sun in a sunny state, like Southern California.  Then I found that you can have 3 different amounts of solar panels on your car.:


Some asked if they could get 40 miles of range added by leaving the vehicle in the sun during the day anywhere but in a very sunny state, so they include this map at their website:

Even though the above map from their website is informative; it is not interactive so one cannot zoom into their US state. (Click the graphic above for a much larger copy.)

Aptera also advertises front wheel or all-wheel drive.  With only 3 wheels, I wonder how important this is:


After watching the "Now You Know" YouTube show and Sandy Munro's Interview of the Aptera Co-CEOs, (Links below) I asked Aptera 
one question:

I asked  Do all Apteras have solar panels?  If not, how do the prices break down on your models which do and do not have panels?

The very next day they responded:

Hi Carl,

Thanks for reaching out!

You can find the options for solar including pricing below:

Never Charge Solar

Solar Roof (included) - Estimated 16 miles of solar charging daily comes built in.

Solar Hood ($300) - Add solar onto your hood for up to 6 additional miles daily.

Solar Rear Hatch ($600) - Add solar onto your rear hatch for up to 18 additional miles of solar charging daily.

If you want to add all of the options above, that will be $900.

Thanks for your interest!

Best Regards,
Aptera Team

Finally, I wondered if the Aptera would have something similar to "Auto Pilot" which I have in our Tesla Model 3.  On their website, I found this:


EV YouTuber, Cleanerwatt, compares Aptera (a 3-wheeled electric auto-cycle) to Tesla Model 3 (a 5 passenger electric automobile) the current most efficient electric vehicle with many statistical tables from an Aptera sales forum.

Aptera says room for 2 passengers and a pet.

The width is excessive for my garage - only 4" on each sides.  Maybe that is why they never show it in a garage since it has solar panels and would only charge itself if left outside?  CEO says it is as long as a Prius and wide as a Tesla S. The do not say which kind of Rapid DC charging connection it has


The only size comparison is this drawing.

They advertise the price as $26,000 to $48,300.  I decided to keep the price less than a Model 3 electric automobile would be to add full solar panels for the possible 43 miles of charge per day from the sun, making it $26,900.  However, no mention is made in the price list above of Safety Pilot (included in Teslas) for $1,300 making the lowest priced model I would buy at $28,100. Some YouTubers have a 30% discount on the $100 deposit.

Production Specification Sheet

Production Schedule

With the first step missed, the Sedan (4-wheeled?) will probably be at least 2022.  Will the Sedan still be classified as an enclosed motorcycle?

Aptera video about "Never Charge" at

Now You Know compares Tesla 3 and X to Aptera.

Aptera business partner, Sandy Munro, interviews Aptera Co-CEOs

My Referral Number is  Just click the URL to the left to go to the site, start a free account, and it will explain the benefits of using a referral number:


Views since March 25, 2021

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